Definition of means of communication



    Communication means

    They are means and methods that transmit signals and information between people, and are represented in intellectual and emotional exchanges between them, and are carried out through the transmission of a group of messages from a person sending to a receiving person. As for the communication process itself, it is the pattern that takes place between two or more people in order to reach specific goals that convey clear messages to all parties.

    When talking about means of communication, it comes to mind modern means of communication, which include means of remote communication, and social media, such as Facebook (English), Twitter, and chat applications, such as Whatsapp (English: Whatsapp). ), and this is because it is the means of communication used in the current era, [1] in addition to the extinction of the older methods of communication, columbine homing for example, this is thanks to the information technology revolution that swept the world, and turned it into a very small village man can in which to communicate with ease and The secret.

    The components of the communication process

    The communication process consists of four components: [2]
    • The sender : represents the first party, the person who controls the communication process by sending the message in some way.
    • The recipient : represents the second party, the person who receives messages sent from the first party (the sender), and is not in control of the communication process as the first party.
    • Message : represents the third party, which is words or signs that are transmitted from the sender to the receiver during the communication process , followed by a reaction.
    • Communication means : It is the tool through which messages and signals are transferred from the sender to the receiver in order to reach the desired goal of the communication process.

    The impact of communication on society

    The means of communication made a great revolution in the world, as it was able to transform the big world into a small village in which a person can communicate with others with less effort and less cost, [3] and modern means of communication entered in various fields, such as education, companies, and governmental and private institutions. .

    In the field of education

    Communications are used in the Homeschooling system, which allows students to receive their education fully effectively with the teacher without the need to reach school or university. [4] More recently, the number of home-schooling schools has increased over the Internet , and their certificates have become officially accredited as any of any schools. Many universities have converted many of their courses to Distance Learning, which has made it possible to increase the number of students enrolled in these courses without being restricted to the space of the classroom . [5]

    In the field of companies and institutions

    It is now possible for a company or organization to conduct meetings for its employees without having to be in the same location, especially when there are multiple branches of the company or institution in different countries. In addition to the possibility of making contacts with different companies or institutions in order to conclude deals , or making agreements in general, [6] this has facilitated the interaction between large and small companies.

    Participating in conferences became easier with the use of modern means of communication. Video Conferences emerged, which removed the employee’s need to travel and travel to reach conferences . [7]

    In the field of daily life

    There are many uses of modern means of communication in the field of daily life, as it has become difficult to find a person who does not have a mobile phone , [8] or a house that does not have at least one landline phone, and it became large and small, his mobile phone is not free of instant messaging software and communication applications.

    The stages of the development of means of communication

    The methods of communication were ancient by the pigeon pigeon by attaching the message to the foot of the dove, and then left the dove to fly and go to the receiver, after which the person became using fire to communicate, the matter developed and the primitive phone was invented, and the phone began to develop until it became mobile, and then the Internet was invented And that was able to transform the world into a small place that anyone can communicate with another person with audio and video at high speeds. [9]

    telephone fix

    The landline is one of the first means of telecommunications, and was invented in 1876 by the American scientist Alexander Bell, and it is a wired device that communicates with another wired device to transmit and receive sound. This invention received great attention, the volume of its use greatly accelerated in the early twentieth century, and it was the beginning of the revolution of modern means of communication . [10]

    mobile

    The cellular phone was invented in 1973 by Martin Cooper, an American engineer who worked for Motorola Communications, a portable wireless device that enables communication via specialized towers with another portable wireless device for voice transmission, and is considered a device Motorola DynaTAC is the first mobile cell phone. [11]

    The mobile device has evolved over the past fifty years, becoming smaller, lighter in weight, and adding many important features, such as SMS, cameras, replacing the keyboard with color touch screens , and many other features that mobile phone manufacturers compete with. [12]

    VOIP technology

    Voice Over IP in short (VOIP) technology is a modern method that enables the user to make a communication via the Internet with audio and video. This connection is characterized by speed, clarity of sound and image. Some VOIP software uses methods to encode audio and video, giving callers complete privacy. [13] Popular examples of VOIP applications are Skype (English: Skype) and Viber (English: Viber).

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