Definition of educational technology


    Education is one of the most important systems upon which any country in the world is based. One of the main reasons for the progress of countries is their interest in the educational system and making it a priority to build a solid foundation based on a luminous present, and a bright future that drives it towards progress and advancement, just as technology has invaded various aspects of life, and development has become Technology is one of the most important measures for the progress of nations. Technology has also included various education systems, so there is a new concept called education technology .

    Definition of educational technology

    Education Technology ( in English: Instructional Technology), is an integrated system is and the educational process to achieve objective goals using the latest educational research through the use of human resources and non - human to give an atmosphere of fruitful learning, and impart greater efficiency and influence to reach the desired goals of learning, has been known The term education technology through many educational and developmental institutions and organizations as follows: [1]

    • UNESCO's definition of education technology: UNESCO has defined education technology as an organized curve based on the design, implementation, and evaluation of the educational process according to specific and clear goals using all available resources to make the education process more effective.
    • The American Education Technology Commission's definition of the concept of education technology : The American Education Technology Committee defined this concept as the curve upon which the educational system is based, which transcends all means and tools, i.e. it is not limited to a specific method or one technological device, but extends beyond all of them in order to develop the educational program.

    The stages of development of the concept of educational technology

    The teaching aids have gone through many stages and designations, and these stages are: [2] [3]
    • The stage of visual education : This stage of education relied on the sense of sight by presenting a visual model or picture of the object to be understood. Studies have shown that 80-90% of an individual's experiences are obtained by sight.
    • The stage of audiovisual education : where visual and audio methods were used to contribute to enriching the learning process, such as: wall paintings and educational chants as a way to present and facilitate the lesson.
    • Communication stage : In this stage, the concept of education has evolved, and modern educational methods have been used that take into account good and fruitful communication between the teacher and the learner. The learner.
    • The stage of systems style and the development of education systems : the concept of the system is defined as a group of organized components that work in an integrated manner in order to achieve a specific goal, and this concept was considered very important in developing the education process in order to its ability to absorb all ideas of the subjects to be taught, in addition to its ability To integrate traditional education with modern group and individual education.
    • The Behavioral Sciences stage : It is the sciences that are concerned with behavior , the response shown by the educated person, and the shift from materials that display educational materials to the means of programmed learning.
    • The stage of education technology : where the focus in this stage was on relying on thinking to solve the problem, and setting goals, in addition to focusing on the use of tools and devices (in English: Hardware), and linking them to educational materials and programs (in English: Software).

    Education technology components

    Educational technology consists of the following components: [1] [4]
    • Theory and practice : All the knowledge and systems taught are based on specific theories and practical practices that provide the learner with the desired concepts and principles.
    • Design, development, use, management, and evaluation : The education process must be designed in a way that attracts and fascinates the learner, followed by developing tools and methods in line with the design and use process, then managing these methods in an effective way, and evaluating them in a manner appropriate to the educational process.
    • Processes and resources : Processes include a series of procedures that are directed towards achieving a specific goal. Resources are the facilities that are provided to support the learning process.
    • Learning : An activity that aims to give the learner a specific skill or knowledge.
    • Education : It is the systematic design and method that helps the learner achieve the desired performance change.

    Learning resources in educational technology

    Learning resources in educational technology range from: [1]
    • Individuals : Including teachers, teacher assistants, supervisors, and people the teacher uses in the educational process, such as doctors, military, and police personnel.
    • Educational content : are ideas, theories, values , and directions that are shaped as pictures, words, or animations.
    • Subjects : are the means for transferring education to the learner.
    • Devices and equipment : They are the tools and devices used to produce and display other sources, such as: cameras, and computers .
    • Places : is the environment in which the learner interacts with learning resources, such as: the school building, the laboratory, and the library.
    • Methods : are the strategic methods and steps practiced by individuals, and they are used in educational materials and devices.

    The importance of education technology

    The importance of educational technology is summarized in the following matters: [3]
    • Improving the educational process, and activating the role of effective participation between the teacher and the learner using various technological means.
    • Diversifying the experiences presented to the learner, as the teaching aids provided to the learner can diversify the experiences presented to him through watching, listening, practicing and meditating.
    • Help to remember educational material for as long as possible.
    • Evaluating and constantly evaluating the educational material, as the use of educational technology in the educational process ensures continuous, effective and continuous updates that guarantee greater effectiveness in the educational process.
    • Diversifying teaching methods and taking into account individual differences among learners.
    • Shorten the time limit for education.
    • Providing the learner with information in all fields of science by expanding the information base for any subject.
    • Training the learner to solve the problems he faces.
    • Development of the linguistic wealth of the learner, as the educational means used in educational technology increase the linguistic outcome of the learner through scenes and situations that contain new words.